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The Acne Cycle

Acne Vulgaris, known as just acne in simple words, is among the very common skin issues globally. Acne isn’t just a few red spots on your face it is something that affects you and your confidence. This common skin issue might seem like a regular allergy, but acne is deep-rooted. From your hormones, eating habits, environment or stress, there can be multiple reasons behind your acne outburst. But the good news here is that Cleo Clinical Care has a range of treatments and skincare plans that can help you revert acne and move out confidently.

Stages of Acne

Your skin goes through four stages of the process before that you witness Acne.

Stage 1:

Our dead skin cells are constantly replaced by fresh new skin cells, during the process the dead cells naturally get shed off. However, if you have oily skin, these dead cells often get mixed with the oil also known as sebum causing the hair follicles or skin pores to get clumpy. This matter inside the pores then causes the acne bacteria to grow.

Stage 2:

Oily skin is the most common reason behind Acne growth, but why is your body producing more oil than usual? The Androgen hormones stimulate the release of sebum from the sebaceous glands attached to the skin pores. Things like puberty or emotional stress can increase androgen levels, causing you to produce more oil than usual which leads to more clogged pores. If your skin keeps on producing sebum greater than the normal levels, the pressure built up in the pores causes irritation.

Stage 3:

If the Acne bacteria keep on feasting on the dead cells and sebum, it eventually starts breeding inside the clogged pores. If the bacteria and sebum stay clogged inside the pore you witness a white head grown on your skin. Once that the pore opens, the sebum, which contains the skin pigment melanin, oxidizes and turns blackish and a blackhead is formed.

Stage 4:

When the bacteria continue to feed on the sebum, it releases by-products which the human body reacts to with an immune response. This means that white blood cells actively respond to the infected area causing swelling, redness and inflammation. The result is a breakout of the throbbing, red, tender bumps you know as pimples (also known as papules and pustules).

Types of Acne

Four types of Acne are commonly reported among human beings.


Blackheads are a result of a few natural healthy processes that occur within the skin. it’s important to understand what blackheads are and what causes them. At Cleo Clinical Care we answer all your questions and provide treatments.


Whiteheads are among the most commonly found acne in the mildest forms. Whiteheads are treatable, one can easily get rid of these by adopting to skincare habits and going through skin-friendly treatments offered at Cleo Clinical Care.

Papules and Pustules:

This type of acne is inflammatory and is caused when the human body starts fighting the bacteria grown inside the clogged pores. Cleo Clinical Care offers a range of treatments and products to treat overgrown pimples filled with pus.

Nodular and Cystic Acne:

These types of Acne are deep-rooted. These may appear as large red boils on the skin’s surface but reside deep underneath the skin. At Cleo Clinical Care, nodular and cystic acne is professionally removed and treated.

Skin Types

Not every person has a similar skin type, here is what you need to know

Dry Skin:

Acne may not just grow on oily skin; dry skin is equally vulnerable to it. However, acne for dry skin is treated differently than other skin types. Cleo Clinical Care provides special treatments and procedures for dry skin.

Oily Skin:

A healthy amount of oil growth is essential for the skin to stay healthy but once that it starts to grow abnormally, it can cause acne. At Cleo Clinical Care, oily skins are treated just the right way to maintain healthier skin.

Combination Skin:

This is a common skin type where the T-zone area of the face tends to be oilier and the cheeks and periphery of the face tend to be drier. Such skin needs customised treatments and products that are available at Cleo Clinical Care.

Teen Acne:

Many teenagers due to hormonal changes suffer from acne and find it as a major confidence buster. At Cleo Clinical Care, teenagers are provided with professional consultation and treatments keeping in mind their bodily changes.

Adult Acne:

Individuals are often told that acne will fade away once that you pass out of your teens but that does not work for everyone. Adults also face acne during their 30s and even 50s, to cure this Cleo Clinical Care offers the right treatments.

Body Acne:

Body acne is just what the name implies – acne that appears anywhere on the body. Your skin is covered in pores regardless of the area. Cleo Clinical Care offers treatments to treat acne whether it is on your neck, back, chests or shoulders.

Acne Treatment

Cleo Clinical Care offers an extensive range of acne treatments, here is all that you need to know

Prescription VS OTC:

At Cleo Clinical Care you will find a combination of off the counter products and retinoids to being used for treating acne in the most efficient ways.


Adapalene is a topical retinoid medication prescribed by doctors and dermatologists for the treatment of acne which is readily used at Cleo Clinical Care.

Benzoyl Peroxide:

Benzoyl peroxide is a topical antibacterial treatment available at Cleo Clinical Care, is considered to be one of the most effective acne medications.

Salicylic Acid:

Salicylic acid is a beta hydroxy acid used at Cleo Clinical Care to help exfoliate the skin by removing the dead cells and debris that can clog pores.

Glycolic Acid:

Glycolic acid is an ingredient derived from sugar cane that does several beneficial things for the skin. Glycolic acid is a commonly used alpha hydroxy acid.

Hyaluronic Acid:

Hyaluronic acid is a naturally occurring humectant. Humectants are substances that absorb water and are commonly used to keep skin moist and hydrated.


Sulphur is a substance that for thousands of years has been popularly used to treat acne and other kinds of skin inflammation. At Cleo Clinical Care sulphur is used with precision to avoid any skin damage.


The American Academy of Dermatology recommends topical retinoids as a first-line treatment for acne and they’re a preferred treatment at Cleo Clinical Care for maintenance once acne has cleared.


Retinol is another common name for Vitamin A, a vitamin widely found in food and dietary supplements. It plays an important role in the regulation of cell growth and healthy skin.

Skin Concerns

There are multiple skin concerns that follow by with acne, here are some important things to know

Retinoids and Retinization:

Topical retinoids are commonly used by a dermatologist to treat acne as they have long term healing effects. At Cleo Clinical Care treatments are designed to smooth out the aftereffects of acne.


Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that commonly affects the face and sometimes the neck or chest; it’s characterized by redness or flushing of the skin.

Acne Scars:

A scar is your body’s response to healing a wound, surgical incision or injury to the skin. Acne Scars can be very unpleasant and improper acne treatment can cause a lot of them.

Dark Spots and Marks:

After that your pimples have healed, you may witness some dark pigmentation or skin marks as evidence of your battle with acne.

Why Moisturize?

Moisturizing isn’t just about making your skin look great. As the body’s largest organ, your skin plays a vital role in protecting your bones, muscles and organs, thus it needs to stay healthy.

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