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The Acne Cycle

Acne Vulgaris, known as just acne in simple words, is among the very common skin issues globally. Acne isn’t just a few red spots on your face it is something that affects you and your confidence. This common skin issue might seem like a regular allergy, but acne is deep-rooted. From your hormones, eating habits, environment or stress, there can be multiple reasons behind your acne outburst. But the good news here is that Cleo Clinical Care has a range of treatments and skincare plans that can help you revert acne and move out confidently.

Stages of Acne

Your skin goes through four stages of the process before that you witness Acne.

Stage 1:

Our dead skin cells are constantly replaced by fresh new skin cells, during the process the dead cells naturally get shed off. However, if you have oily skin, these dead cells often get mixed with the oil also known as sebum causing the hair follicles or skin pores to get clumpy. This matter inside the pores then causes the acne bacteria to grow.

Stage 2:

Oily skin is the most common reason behind Acne growth, but why is your body producing more oil than usual? The Androgen hormones stimulate the release of sebum from the sebaceous glands attached to the skin pores. Things like puberty or emotional stress can increase androgen levels, causing you to produce more oil than usual which leads to more clogged pores. If your skin keeps on producing sebum greater than the normal levels, the pressure built up in the pores causes irritation.

Stage 3:

If the Acne bacteria keep on feasting on the dead cells and sebum, it eventually starts breeding inside the clogged pores. If the bacteria and sebum stay clogged inside the pore you witness a white head grown on your skin. Once that the pore opens, the sebum, which contains the skin pigment melanin, oxidizes and turns blackish and a blackhead is formed.

Stage 4:

When the bacteria continue to feed on the sebum, it releases by-products which the human body reacts to with an immune response. This means that white blood cells actively respond to the infected area causing swelling, redness and inflammation. The result is a breakout of the throbbing, red, tender bumps you know as pimples (also known as papules and pustules).

Types of Acne

Four types of Acne are commonly reported among human beings.


Blackheads are a result of a few natural healthy processes that occur within the skin. it’s important to understand what blackheads are and what causes them. At Cleo Clinical Care we answer all your questions and provide treatments.


Whiteheads are among the most commonly found acne in the mildest forms. Whiteheads are treatable, one can easily get rid of these by adopting to skincare habits and going through skin-friendly treatments offered at Cleo Clinical Care.

Papules and Pustules:

This type of acne is inflammatory and is caused when the human body starts fighting the bacteria grown inside the clogged pores. Cleo Clinical Care offers a range of treatments and products to treat overgrown pimples filled with pus.

Nodular and Cystic Acne:

These types of Acne are deep-rooted. These may appear as large red boils on the skin’s surface but reside deep underneath the skin. At Cleo Clinical Care, nodular and cystic acne is professionally removed and treated.

Skin Types

Not every person has a similar skin type, here is what you need to know

Dry Skin:

Acne may not just grow on oily skin; dry skin is equally vulnerable to it. However, acne for dry skin is treated differently than other skin types. Cleo Clinical Care provides special treatments and procedures for dry skin.

Oily Skin:

A healthy amount of oil growth is essential for the skin to stay healthy but once that it starts to grow abnormally, it can cause acne. At Cleo Clinical Care, oily skins are treated just the right way to maintain healthier skin.

Combination Skin:

This is a common skin type where the T-zone area of the face tends to be oilier and the cheeks and periphery of the face tend to be drier. Such skin needs customised treatments and products that are available at Cleo Clinical Care.

Teen Acne:

Many teenagers due to hormonal changes suffer from acne and find it as a major confidence buster. At Cleo Clinical Care, teenagers are provided with professional consultation and treatments keeping in mind their bodily changes.

Adult Acne:

Individuals are often told that acne will fade away once that you pass out of your teens but that does not work for everyone. Adults also face acne during their 30s and even 50s, to cure this Cleo Clinical Care offers the right treatments.

Body Acne:

Body acne is just what the name implies – acne that appears anywhere on the body. Your skin is covered in pores regardless of the area. Cleo Clinical Care offers treatments to treat acne whether it is on your neck, back, chests or shoulders.

Acne Treatment

Cleo Clinical Care offers an extensive range of acne treatments, here is all that you need to know

Prescription VS OTC:

At Cleo Clinical Care you will find a combination of off the counter products and retinoids to being used for treating acne in the most efficient ways.


Adapalene is a topical retinoid medication prescribed by doctors and dermatologists for the treatment of acne which is readily used at Cleo Clinical Care.

Benzoyl Peroxide:

Benzoyl peroxide is a topical antibacterial treatment available at Cleo Clinical Care, is considered to be one of the most effective acne medications.

Salicylic Acid:

Salicylic acid is a beta hydroxy acid used at Cleo Clinical Care to help exfoliate the skin by removing the dead cells and debris that can clog pores.

Glycolic Acid:

Glycolic acid is an ingredient derived from sugar cane that does several beneficial things for the skin. Glycolic acid is a commonly used alpha hydroxy acid.

Hyaluronic Acid:

Hyaluronic acid is a naturally occurring humectant. Humectants are substances that absorb water and are commonly used to keep skin moist and hydrated.


Sulphur is a substance that for thousands of years has been popularly used to treat acne and other kinds of skin inflammation. At Cleo Clinical Care sulphur is used with precision to avoid any skin damage.


The American Academy of Dermatology recommends topical retinoids as a first-line treatment for acne and they’re a preferred treatment at Cleo Clinical Care for maintenance once acne has cleared.


Retinol is another common name for Vitamin A, a vitamin widely found in food and dietary supplements. It plays an important role in the regulation of cell growth and healthy skin.

Skin Concerns

There are multiple skin concerns that follow by with acne, here are some important things to know

Retinoids and Retinization:

Topical retinoids are commonly used by a dermatologist to treat acne as they have long term healing effects. At Cleo Clinical Care treatments are designed to smooth out the aftereffects of acne.


Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that commonly affects the face and sometimes the neck or chest; it’s characterized by redness or flushing of the skin.

Acne Scars:

A scar is your body’s response to healing a wound, surgical incision or injury to the skin. Acne Scars can be very unpleasant and improper acne treatment can cause a lot of them.

Dark Spots and Marks:

After that your pimples have healed, you may witness some dark pigmentation or skin marks as evidence of your battle with acne.

Why Moisturize?

Moisturizing isn’t just about making your skin look great. As the body’s largest organ, your skin plays a vital role in protecting your bones, muscles and organs, thus it needs to stay healthy.

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The Magical Hair Loss Treatment

Hair loss has always been alarming for individuals, especially during a young age. Hair thinning can eventually lead to patchy baldness and can be brutal to your self-confidence. Multiple causes of hair fall have been reported that extend from hormonal changes, medicinal side effects, hair treatment damage, heredity etc 

This new non-surgical therapy can bring out dramatic results and boost hair growth yet again. The process may seem complex, but results are fine and evident right after the very first session. We are talking about PRP therapy!

PRP stands for Platelet Rich Plasma which is extracted from a person’s blood and used to aid the growth or heal process. This plasma has magical properties which work rapidly when injected into the scalp. The treatment not just boosts hair growth but also strengthens hair follicles.


The PRP Hair Loss Treatment

You must be scared of what PRP sounds like, but do not worry as the process is made pain free by applying numbing creams to the scalp.

At first, a person’s blood is extracted from his or her arm and the tube is loaded into a centrifuge. This machine is vitally known for separating blood into red blood cells from plasma. Once the process begins, the machine divides the extracted blood into rich platelets, low platelets and red blood cells.

The scalp is numbed using numbing creams or local anaesthesia to make PRP injections pain free. The rich plasma is then injected into the target areas at every half inch at the level of the hair follicle of the affected area to curb hair loss.  

The entire procedure takes approximately half an hour; however, the number of sessions may vary from person to person.


PRP and its benefits

Clinical studies have revealed that PRP can evidently reverse the effects of hair loss and hair thinning. From follicle healing to strengthening it, PRP treatment can do magic for people suffering from hair fall.


PRP for skin

PRP is not only beneficial to curb hair loss but is highly effective in rejuvenating the skin. The process is similar, plasma injections boost collagen production, repair it and make skin healthier.  


PRP treatments offered at Cleo Clinical Care

Platelet Rich Plasma therapy is performed at Cleo after closely maintaining a healthy atmosphere. This treatment at Cleo is performed to boost hair growth in affected areas. Just as other variety of treatments, PRP cannot be performed under certain health conditions, thus at Cleo, we closely look into our client’s medical history and allergies to avoid any damage. Dr Amna performs PRP treatments herself by maintaining high hygiene standards.


LightStim Technology Comes to Pakistan

Does flawless skin fascinate you? Do you want to get a superstar style skin rejuvenating treatment? Cleo Clinical Care is glad to put itself forward as the first-ever skin and hair care clinic to be able to launch LightStim facials and treatments in Pakistan.
But what is all the hype about? LightStim is a dynamic technology that gives you spotless ravishing skin by just using light. This means no harsher chemical to apply on your skin, doesn’t it seem great? Here is all that you need to know about the LightStim technology at Cleo Clinical Care in Pakistan.

What is LightStim and how it works?

Just as plants hold an impressive ability to absorb light and heat, and later convert it into energy, the human skin and tissues can also vitally do the same. The LightStim LED lights provide beneficial light and heat to the skin to rejuvenate it and allow it to convert it into useful energy. To do so, the LightStim releases ultraviolet free light energy which is instantly absorbed by the skin to heal it in remarkable ways. The LightStim light is available in different colours and wave lengths designed to cure various skin problems. This technology is highly capable of treating wrinkles, acne and improving collagen production.

How does LightStim work for wrinkles?

Human skin evidently gets saggy as a person ages. The fine lines that appear on our skin make us appear old and later turn into prominent wrinkles. The LightStim technology helps you closely target areas for skin tightening and bringing back the youthful appearance. The light enters the skin at a wavelength that easily seeps down into the epidermis and dermis layers of the skin. This enables the skin to heal and give a smoother look by removing the fine lines. LightStim for wrinkles is FDA cleared to treat
wrinkles on the entire face. You can treat your forehead, cheeks, nasal labial folds, jawline, and even your lips without any side effects. 

How does LightStim work for Acne?

Acne breakouts can really bring down your confidence and leave your skin patchy. Acne occurs when your skin pore fills up with sebum and skin oils that later breed bacteria. The clogged pores make the breakouts even worse. With LightStim technology you can easily cure moderate level acne breakouts without any harsh chemicals being applied to your skin. The blue radiant light with its soothing wavelength enters the skin to destroy underlying bacteria and opens clogged pores. LightStim visibly improves skin
health and makes it look smoother and healed. LightStim and pain relief The LightStim technology is not just beneficial for the skin but it is approved to soothe out pain at various parts of the body. The warm light energy is tested to relieve muscle and joint pain, arthritic pain and improve blood flow. The technology aids your body’s recovery process and relieves pain instantly. LightStim treatments offered at Cleo Clinical Care Cleo Clinical Care offers an advanced PhotoFacial which resurfaces the skin by effectively improving skin texture, reducing pore size and minimizing fine lines and wrinkles. The facial treatment not just heals the skin but also improves and evens out the complexion. The painless LightStim facials are performed by Dr Amna Ahmar after closely examining the skin conditions.